Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
Epidemiology is the central science of public health. As such, epidemiology provides the scientific input that shapes public health policy, program directions, and activities. The North Central Health District (NCHD) Epidemiology and Infectious Disease Programs conduct surveillance for the occurrence of diseases and other health conditions that affect NCHD residents. By determining the who, what, where, when, how, and why related to these diseases and health conditions, appropriate interventions and control measures can be implemented to lessen their health impact. When an outbreak occurs, immediate action may be needed to prevent or control a situation.
The Epidemiology and Infectious Disease Programs carry out a number of activities to identify diseases and describe health conditions, assess the health of NCHD residents, and develop recommendations to control diseases and improve the overall health status in the state. These include
- Conduct active, passive, and syndromic surveillance to detect diseases and adverse health conditions,
- Investigate reports of acute diseases and outbreaks,
- Recommend appropriate prevention measures, treatment, and control,
- Monitor and investigate reports of unusual health conditions,
- Conduct data analyses and disseminate information from surveillance systems (For additional information on public health data click here),
- Provide guidance for healthcare professionals, facilities, and other agencies and organizations regarding disease prevention and control,
- Respond to disease-related inquiries from residents, healthcare providers, and others.
All Georgia physicians, laboratories, and other health care providers are required by law (OCGA 31-12-2) to report patients with the conditions listed under Notifiable Disease Reporting Requirements. Both laboratory confirmed and clinical diagnoses are reportable within the specified time interval.
To report a Notifiable Disease or Outbreak: